Diabetes Mellitus 2 – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Diabetes mellitus 2, is a chronic condition that affects the way the body handles sugar (glucose). The condition is known by many different names including diabetes mellitus ii, type 2 diabetes, adult-onset diabetes and noninsulin-dependent diabetes.

This condition can be managed. People with type 2 diabetes or those at risk of developing the disease should understand the causes, symptoms and methods of treatment so they can live a healthy life and prevent complications of diabetes mellitus.

Causes of diabetes mellitus 2

Diabetes mellitus 2 is the most common type of diabetes. "It usually occurs in adulthood, but young people are increasingly being diagnosed with this disease. The pancreas does not make enough insulin to keep blood glucose levels normal, often because the body does not respond well to insulin."(1)

Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas and its job is to control levels of sugar in the blood by moving excess sugar out of the blood and into the cells where it can be used for energy. In type 2 diabetes, your body is resistant to insulin or your body does not produce enough to control blood sugar levels.

The exact reason why the body stops responding to insulin is not well understood. However risk factors including obesity and inactivity, have been identified and are known to lead to the development of diabetes.

Symptoms of diabetes mellitus 2

Because the signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus tend to develop slowly over time, they can often go unnoticed. It is estimated that nearly one-third of the people with type 2 diabetes are unaware of their condition.

Symptoms include:

  1. An increase in urination frequency
  2. An increased in thirst
  3. Chronic fatigue or weakness
  4. A loss of weight without effort
  5. Tingling or numbness in the hands and feet
  6. Bruises or cuts that take a long time to heal
  7. Blurred vision
  8. Dry or itchy skin

Treatment of diabetes mellitus 2

Type 2 Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition meaning it can last a life time; however it can be controlled through lifestyle changes and medication. A diabetes food guide can put you on the right path for creating healthy meals and when this is combined with regular exercise, many people find they can control their condition.

In some cases, diet and exercise is not enough and medications for diabetes will be prescribed to help control blood sugar levels.

(1) Medline Plus (2010). Diabetes. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001214.htm

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