Medications For Diabetes – Types, Side Effects And New Drugs

Medications for diabetes are designed with one goal in mind and that is to help you control your blood sugar levels. This goal is true for all diabetics, regardless if you are having type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Because diabetes mellitus affects so many people the research into new diabetes drugs is fast moving and has been subjected to new regulations designed to make the medications safer.

Despite more strict regulations of the drug companies there is a steady flow of new diabetes medications being put through clinical trials and being approved for use by the FDA each year.

Medications for diabetes type 1

In a person with type 1 diabetes mellitus, insulin is not being produced and therefore must be provided for the person through outside means. Insulin for patients with type 1 diabetes is administered by either daily insulin injections or the use of an insulin pump.

Monitoring blood sugar levels is an important task for every diabetic patient and can help prevent diabetes medications side effects such as hypoglycemia, a condition marked by dangerously low blood sugar levels.

It can result if a person takes too much insulin or has a drug interaction that increases the blood sugar lowering affect of the insulin.

Medications for diabetes type 2

People with diabetes mellitus type 2 may be able to control their blood sugar levels for a long time by following doctor recommended changes to their diet and exercise routine.

However, most people with type 2 diabetes will be prescribed one of the oral diabetes medications to help control their blood sugar at some point.

Common medications for diabetes type 2 are drugs that go by the name, metformin. This medication aids the diabetic patient by decreasing production of glucose (sugar) by the liver and improving insulin sensitivity in the body cells.

Other medications may be recommended in place of metformin or used in combination with this drug once the doctor analyzes the effects of the drugs have on blood sugar levels.

"Blood glucose levels go up and down throughout the day and night in people with diabetes. High blood glucose levels over time can result in heart disease and other health problems. Low blood glucose levels can make you feel shaky or pass out." So the goal of all medications for diabetes is to keep blood sugar levels within a normal range.

Medications for diabetes have improved over the years in both effectiveness and delivery. This means better management of blood sugar levels for diabetics which can help you avoid or lessen serious complications of diabetes mellitus.

 

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Classes of Oral Diabetes Medications – And How They Work

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