Type 2 diabetes statistics indicate a growth pattern in the number of cases diagnosed each year that is staggering. It is estimated that type 2 diabetes accounts for more than 90% of diabetes cases in the world.
"Type 2 diabetes affects large numbers of people from a wide range of ethnic groups and at all social and economic levels throughout the world. Currently, at least 120 million people suffer from type 2 diabetes, but by the year 2010, 220 million people are projected to have the disease" (1).
Perhaps the most alarming statistics are classified under “undiagnosed.” An amazing 5.7 million Americans are living with the disease yet unaware that they have the condition.
Another 57 million Americans are said to be pre-diabetic meaning they are showing signs of pre-diabetes or insulin resistance. These type 2 diabetes statistics are similar in most parts of the world.
Pre-diabetes or insulin resistance is a condition in which the body cells resist the affects of insulin. Even though your body may be producing sufficient amounts of insulin, your body cells do not handle it properly and therefore do not receive sugar that they need for energy.
Because the sugar is not transferred out of the blood and into the cells you are left with high blood sugar which can lead to type 2 diabetes.
Another alarming trend in type 2 diabetes statistics is the climbing number of children diagnosed with the disease. In the past, only diabetes type 1, which is a condition in which insulin producing cells in the pancreas are destroyed due to an autoimmune response, was diagnosed in children.
Today the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in American children and young adults under the age of 20 is estimated to be 186,300 with about two million teens between the ages of 12 and 19 showing signs of pre-diabetes.
Other important type 2 diabetes statistics include:
Concerning type 2 diabetes statistics for ethnic groups over 20 years of age the following percentages have diabetes:
These statistics are for America but similar statistics are seen world wide (2).
These type 2 diabetes statistics are alarming yet with proper monitoring of blood sugar levels, changes to lifestyle habits and by working closely with your doctor and nutritional staff, you can manage this disease and avoid serious health complications.
(1) Diabetes Care (2000). Type 2 diabetes worldwide according to the new classification and criteria. Retrieved from http://journal.diabetes.org/diabetescare/FullText/Supplements/DiabetesCare/Supplement400/B5.asp
(2) American Diabetes Association (2010). Diabetes statistics. Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/diabetes-statistics/