Diabetes Mellitus Symptoms, Risk Factors And Tests

Diabetes mellitus symptoms can be scary to face, you may recognize something is different about your body yet not feel that you have a strong enough understanding of the symptoms to form an accurate evaluation of the disease.

This is why it is important to educate yourself on the different diabetes mellitus symptoms, risk factors and treatment options.

Diabetes mellitus, often simply referred to as diabetes, “is a condition in which a person has a high blood sugar (glucose) level, either because the body doesn't produce enough insulin, or because body cells don't properly respond to the insulin that is produced.

Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas which enables body cells to absorb glucose, to turn into energy. If the body cells do not absorb the glucose, the glucose accumulates in the blood (hyperglycemia), leading to vascular, nerve, and other complications.”

Diabetes mellitus symptoms

The two main types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2, present with similar symptoms the difference being that type 1 diabetes mellitus symptoms tend to come on quickly and at a younger age.

Symptoms include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Increased hunger
  • Fatigue or weakness
  • Frequent urination
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Cuts or bruises that are slow to heal
  • Unexplained irritability
  • Blurred vision

These symptoms may be slow to develop in type 2 diabetes so it is important to visit your doctor as soon as these symptoms are noticed.

Diabetes mellitus risk factors

It will be helpful to consider if any of the know risk factors for diabetes are present when formulating a diagnosis. You are considered higher risk if any of the following are true.

  • You are overweight
  • You are inactive
  • You have high blood pressure or high cholesterol
  • You are a member of a high risk race including, Asian, African American, Native American, or Hispanic
  • You have a family history of diabetes

Diabetes mellitus testing

If you notice the diabetes mellitus symptoms and risk factors you will want to visit your doctor who will perform a glucose tolerance test. Your doctor will ask you to drink a sugary drink and then wait a set amount of time after which a blood sample will be taken.

If there is a high level of sugar (glucose) in the blood this is an indication that diabetes may be present and further tests will be conducted to confirm the diagnosis.

Facing the possibility of diabetes can be intimidating but by educating yourself about diabetes mellitus symptoms, risk factors and treatment options you can take control of your condition and lead a healthy life.


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