Diabetes Type 2 Diet – Guidelines and Meal Planning

Following diabetes type 2 diet guidelines and planning your meals can help you manage your blood sugar (glucose) level and avoid serious health complications including: blindness, kidney and nervous system damage, cardiovascular disease and limb amputation.

A proper diabetes type 2 diet can also help an adult, teen and child who is pre-diabetic or who has already been diagnosed with the disease lose weight making blood sugar levels easier to manage. This weight loss may even help prevent the disease.

"Studies have shown that people with pre-diabetes who lose weight and increase their physical activity can prevent or delay diabetes and even return their blood glucose levels to normal" (1).

Diabetes type 2 diet guidelines

The goal of a type ii diabetic diet is to regulate blood sugar levels. Therefore, a good guideline to follow is to eat on a regular schedule each day and also eat similar foods on a daily basis.

By eating foods on a consistent basis, you can better predict your blood sugar levels throughout the day. If you are taking medication for diabetes, then this will help you balance your medications levels as well.

A focus of good type 2 diabetic diets is on making better food choices. Look for higher fiber foods to replace refined carbohydrates and foods high in sugar. For instance, substitute a piece of whole fruit for a candy bar. This will prevent a spike in your blood sugar level and allow your body to respond better to insulin.

Diabetes type 2 diet meal planning

  1. Reduce or eliminate saturated fats. These fats are found in animal products such as fatty meats, whole milk, and whole milk products.
  2. Reduce or eliminate trans fats. Trans fats are man-made fats and difficult for your body to handle. To reduce your intake, avoid foods that are fried, as well as many baked goods and pre-packaged snack foods.
  3. Increase your intake of unsaturated fats such as olive oil, sunflower oil, corn oil, peanut oil, canola oil, soybeans, nuts and fish.
  4. Eat more fiber. Foods such as whole grains, fresh fruits, vegetables, nuts, seed and legumes are high in fiber and help avoid dramatic swings in your blood sugar.
  5. Reduce your salt intake by looking for foods labeled low in sodium and reducing the amount of salt you shake on to your food.

Your health care team will help you custom fit a diabetes type 2 diet to your specific needs. By working closely with your team you can manage your blood sugar and live well with diabetes.

(1) National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (2008). Prevention or delay of diabetes. Retrieved from http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/statistics/


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