Treatments for diabetes will vary depending on the type of diabetes. There are two main diabetes types and they are type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Though these two forms of diabetes have similar symptoms the treatments for diabetes type 1 and type 2 vary significantly.
In diabetes type 2 your pancreas continues to produce insulin but your body becomes resistant to its effects. Because your body no longer responds properly to insulin, sugar cannot move out of your blood resulting in chronically elevated blood sugar levels.
Treatment for type two diabetes focuses on controlling and managing your blood sugar levels. By changing your diet to reduce sugar and refined carbohydrates and increasing your physical activity level, you may be able to control your condition without medication.
However, if healthy lifestyle changes are not enough, medications for diabetes will be prescribed by your doctor.
Type 1 diabetics do not produce enough insulin to control their blood sugar level. "People with type I diabetes mellitus (insulin-dependent diabetes) produce little or no insulin at all. Although about 6 percent of the United States population has some form of diabetes, only about 10 percent of all diabetics have type I disease" (1).
Because insulin is not produced, treatments for diabetes type 1 require a daily supplementation of insulin for the rest of the patient’s life. Insulin is administered via daily insulin injections or through an insulin pump that is worn throughout the day.
A person with diabetes type 1 or type 2 will benefit from monitoring their blood sugar closely, following diabetic diet guidelines, and providing their body with regular physical activity. If these steps are taken and adhered to on a daily basis, a person with diabetes mellitus can lead a normal and active life.
If however, diabetes goes undetected or untreated serious health complications can develop such as cardiovascular disease, loss of vision, and kidney or nervous system damage.
Because the complicating factors are serious and diabetes is a commonly missed condition, it is recommended that everyone become familiar with the signs of diabetes. Early diagnosis leads to a better prognosis and more treatment options.
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(1) TCM Health Info (2002). Diabetes-causes. Retrieved from http://tcm.health-info.org/Common%20Diseases/diabetes/causes.htm