The treatments of diabetes mellitus vary depending on the type of diabetes you have been diagnosed with and the way your body handles blood sugar. All types of diabetes mellitus present with similar symptoms however the treatments of diabetes mellitus type 1 and type 2 can vary substantially.
Type 1 diabetes is the results from the body’s inability to produce insulin and therefore insulin must be supplied to the body from an outside means. This is a chronic disease and insulin will need to be supplemented daily for a lifetime.
Insulin therapy becomes an important part of a type 1 diabetic’s life. Insulin is delivered to the body by either injection or by insulin pump.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus results when the cells of the body resist the affects of insulin. For reasons that are not well understood, the body cells refuse to take in sugar and because the sugar cannot be used by the cells it remains in the blood leading to the high blood sugar levels seen in diabetes type 2.
In many cases, treatment of diabetes mellitus type 2 involves management of blood sugar levels through proper diet and exercise. In some cases however, symptoms can not be controlled with these lifestyle changes and medications for diabetes are prescribed.
The decision on what course of treatment is best will be dependant on factors or concerns that you discuss with your doctor.
Regardless of the type, treatments of diabetes mellitus require constant monitoring of blood sugar, following a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, and in many cases daily medication. If managed properly, people can lead a normal life with their diabetes.
If diabetes is left untreated it can lead to serious health complications including heart and cardiovascular disease, disorders involving vision, and damage to the nervous system or kidneys. It is important to familiarize yourself with the signs of diabetes so you can get an early diagnosis and avoid complications of diabetes mellitus.