Type 2 Diabetes Test – Learn How Type 2 Diabetes is Detected

Having a type 2 diabetes test is the only way to definitively prove the existence of the disease. Because diabetes affects so many millions of people world wide, it is recommended that anyone over the age of 45 have a type 2 diabetes test performed by their doctor.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. The disease can develop at any age; in fact, the reported incidence of type 2 diabetes in children is growing rapidly.

If you are experiencing diabetes type 2 symptoms or have any concerns about the disease, visit your doctor who will order a type 2 diabetes test such as:

  • Fasting blood glucose level. A diagnosis of diabetes is made if this test reveals a level higher than 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/l)
  • Oral glucose tolerance test. A diagnosis of diabetes is made if this test reveals a level higher than 200 mg/dL (11 mmol/l)
  • Hemoglobin A1c test. A diagnosis of diabetes is made if this test reveals a level 6.5% or higher; a level between 5.7% and 6.4% indicates pre-diabetes; less than 5.7% is considered normal.

If diabetes is detected, your doctor will see you regularly to help you control your blood sugar levels and avoid health complications. During these routine office visits your doctor may order an additional type 2 diabetes test or exam to monitor your disease, this may include:

  • Checking your blood pressure
  • Checking your feet for sores, cuts or infections that are not healing properly
  • Checking the level of sensation in your feet
  • Checking the back part of your eye for blood vessel problems using a special instrument called an ophthalmoscope
  • Running a Hemoglobin A1c test
  • Checking your cholesterol and triglyceride levels
  • Checking kidney function (microalbuminuria and serum creatinine tests)

"People who are overweight and inactive are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Treatment includes taking diabetes medicines, making wise food choices, exercising regularly, controlling blood pressure and cholesterol, and taking aspirin daily—for some" (1).

If you are concerned that you may have developed this condition, it is strongly recommended that you consult with your doctor who will perform a type 2 diabetes test. An early diagnosis and proper management of blood sugar levels can allow you to live a successful life with diabetes.

(1) National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (2008). Am I at risk for type 2 diabetes. Retrieved from http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/riskfortype2/

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